Descriptive research are given since numbers and you may wavelengths (having categorical details) and you will form and important deviations (getting continuing variables)

The latest chi-square take to was utilized to ensure differences between categorical details in respect into meeting of the Who PA suggestions. Fisher’s appropriate shot, instead of the chi-square sample, was utilized in case there is small values of your questioned muscle. In contrast, differences when considering continued variables by the appointment Just who PA guidance have been examined of the Mann–Whitney’s U attempt. Likewise, good multilevel mixed-outcomes logistic regression data is actually did, including in the same model various products described more than (i.age., individual-top, interpersonal-peak, organizational-level and you may people-height situations) including part-particular arbitrary consequences (we.age., East, Main, Atlantic, Amazon, Pacific or Bogota). Survey features within the STATA sixteen.step one (StataCorp, School Route, Colorado, USA) were used to do the newest analyses so you can mirror the latest weighting for for every fellow member. A beneficial p-worth below 0.05 is believed mathematically significant.


Table 1 shows the characteristics of the analysed sample and the relationship between socioecological factors and meeting the WHO PA recommendations. Overall, considering transport and leisure time domains, the prevalence of Colombian pregnant women who met the PA recommendations was 7.5%. According to the pregnancy phase, the prevalence was 5.2% (1st trimester), 9.3% (2nd trimester) and 6.5% (3rd trimester) (data not shown). Most of the Pakistan Еѕene Colombian pregnant women were Mestizo (77.5%). A higher percentage of pregnant women were from urban areas (72.9%). Similarly, most of the participants lived with a partner (not married) (61.4%)parisons between the included/excluded participants are shown in Supplementary Table S2 with significant differences found in relation to age and region (p < 0.05>

Desk 2 ways the outcome of the multilevel combined-impression logistic regression data. All the way down probabilities of meeting this new PA pointers was in fact found for Local [Potential Ratio [OR] = 0.05, 95% believe interval [CI] (0.01–0.18)] otherwise Mestizo expectant mothers [Otherwise 0.twelve, 95% CI (0.06–0.22)] in comparison with Afro-Colombian expecting mothers. On top of that, expecting mothers whom lived close eco-friendly portion (and you can safer section getting PA) [Otherwise 2.30, 95% CI (step 1.06–cuatro.79)] had greater probabilities of fulfilling the new PA pointers than others just who failed to real time near green areas.

Dining table dos Multilevel mixed consequences logistic regression research which have potential socioecological facts since the independent details and you may fulfilling the newest physical working out suggestions since the a reliant variable, certainly one of Colombian women that are pregnant.


Our very own show showed that the latest incidence out-of fulfilling the fresh Whom PA recommendations one of Colombian pregnant women was 7.5%. The probabilities away from appointment guidance was indeed lower in Indigenous and Mestizo members compared to Afro-Colombian professionals. Furthermore, users who existed near eco-friendly areas and you will safe for PA were prone to meet up with the PA information than others whom performed maybe not real time close environmentally friendly elements or existed near eco-friendly components however, harmful having PA.

Due to the fact incidence from interviewing the fresh PA advice one of Colombian women was 42.7%, this finding highlights the necessity of promoting PA account among Colombian women that are pregnant. Our statement try in keeping with that because of the Sanchez-Martinez mais aussi al. who together with indicated that the fresh new frequency of physical exercise for the pregnant feminine is a dozen.5%, twenty-eight.6%, and you can thirty six.3% regarding entertainment-big date, commuting and international domains, correspondingly 28 . Similarly, the new frequency away from Colombian expectant mothers exactly who found the brand new PA recommendations are below that various other degree from other countries 4,5,6,eight,8,9 . All of our email address details are perhaps not in accordance with men and women advertised because of the Haile ainsi que al. 11 inside the Ethiopia, Davenport et al. 3 in the usa and Baena-Garcia within the Spain 31 . Throughout these get across-sectional degree, new article authors stated a prevalence from 20.7%, 21.0% and you will twenty-five.0% off expecting mothers just who engaged in PA getting no less than 150 minute each week, respectively 28 . Another longitudinal study done in Italy indicated that brand new frequency of expecting mothers exactly who fulfilled the PA suggestions varied while in the pregnancy: 26% (very first trimester), 45% (second trimester) and you will 38% (third trimester) regarding the regular lbs classification and you may 20%, 23% and 15% in the overweight/being obese classification, correspondingly 31 . Additionally, Collins ainsi que al. 29 , inside their potential birth cohort studies among white United kingdom female and you can female from Pakistani resource, found that 61% and you can twenty six%, respectively, achieved the minimum quantity of PA needed. Despite, our very own answers are according to that from you to get across-sectional study did among Brazilian pregnant women one showed that eight.2% (initially trimester), 7.6% (next trimester) and you may cuatro.7% (3rd trimester) don’t meet the PA suggestions eight . One to it is possible to reason that you will, about partially, justify which reasonable incidence out of women that are pregnant appointment the fresh new PA pointers comes from various steps used on evaluate PA account, like various other questionnaires (e.grams., the brand new Maternity Physical exercise Survey, the brand new Paffenbarger Physical working out Questionnaire) or higher mission actions (e.g., accelerometers). Also, the many towns and you will societies of the studies might also describe the fresh new discrepancies. On the other hand, it must be considered that the latest Exactly who recommendations don’t thought low-power PA since the conference counsel, and said degree reporting low levels regarding PA usually exclude attacks which have a duration lower than ten minute regarding international PA calculation. This procedure has been disapproved, because you will definitely diminish the sum of projected average-to-vigorous PA 17,33,34 , that will be from the present Whom slogan “all disperse matters” 2 . One of these from the consideration is the study did of the Mendinueta et al. 16 , whom indicated that once they applied this technique, new incidence out of participants appointment counsel demonstrably changed of 77 so you’re able to 31% (ladies in the first trimester) and you may away from 85 so you can 32% (ladies in another trimester).